EAYRS, Maria de los Remedios Josefa Antonia

Female Abt 1813 -


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  • Name EAYRS, Maria de los Remedios Josefa Antonia 
    • NAME VARIATIONS:
      - Maria de los Remedios; Bap. Record (huntington.org)
      - Maria de los Remedios Josefa Antonia [EAYRS]; Bap. record (T.W. Temple)
      - Maria; 1834 Santa Barbara Census
      - Maria PEQUI; Negotiating Conquest: Gender & Power in CA 1770s-1780s, Miroslava Chavez-Garcia, (University of Arizona Press, Sep 15, 2006), pages 42-43
    Born Abt. Jun 1813  Bodega Bay, Sonoma County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • BIRTH PLACE:
      From Mission to Majesty: A Genealogy and History of Early California and Royal European Ancestors, Chapter: Peggy Stewart (Maria Antonia Stuart), pages 46-47

      - On 07 May 1813, as their ship, the MERCURY, lay anchored at Bodega Bay, Peggy presented George with a baby daughter, Maria.
    Christened 7 Nov 1813  Mission San Diego, Alta California Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Female 
    Census 1 Jun 1834  Santa Barbara, Alta California Find all individuals with events at this location 
    1834 SANTA BARBARA PADRON/CENSUS
    1834 S.B. PADRON (Census): Maria - Age 21
    w/daughter, living in widowed mother's household w/siblings
    Biography 1840  Santa Barbara, Alta California Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    BIOGRAPHY: Relationship with James "Santiago" Burke 
    Person ID I19729  1. Schwald - WA-NY-OR-TX
    Last Modified 29 Jun 2016 

    Father EAYRS, George Washington,   b. Bef. 1793, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother STEWART STUART, Maria Antonia de la Ascension "Little Peggy, Charlotte",   b. Abt. 1790, Matavai Bay, Tahiti, French Polynesia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F6447  Group Sheet

    Family BURKE, James Walter "Santiago",   b. Abt. 1800, Galway, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Type: not married  [5
    Children 
     1. BURKE, Maria "Manuela",   b. Abt. Dec 1831, Santa Barbara, Alta California Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 25 Apr 2015 
    Family ID F6457  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 7 Nov 1813 - Mission San Diego, Alta California Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Jun 1834 - Santa Barbara, Alta California Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBiography - BIOGRAPHY: Relationship with James "Santiago" Burke - 1840 - Santa Barbara, Alta California Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S350] BK-From Msn. to Majesty: A Genlgy. & History of Early Cal & Royal European Ancestors, Barbara Juarez Wilson, (Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1983), pages 46-47.
      PARENTS - CHAPTER: Peggy Stewart (Maria Antonia Stuart)
      On 07 May 1813, as their ship, the MERCURY, lay anchored at Bodega Bay, Peggy presented George with a baby daughter, Maria.
      On 02 June 1813, the Spanish flagship FLORA, Don Nicolas Noe captain, while making a trade voyage from Lima, Peru seeking tallow, came upon the MERCURY just above Santa Barbara at Refugio Bay. Noe seized the ship and her crew claiming it was dealing in contraband.

      Although the Californians, including the mission padres, were sorely in need of merchandise for sewing, cooking, and furnishings, Mexico had declared such trade with anyone other than Mexico was forbidden and illegal. Although the captain probably was dealing illegally, he claimed the method in which his ship was confiscated was also illegal, and he sought compensation for his great loss for years.

      Captain George and his little family were placed under house arrest in Santa Barbara until 03 September and then they were sent to San Diego (still under house arrest) where both baby Maria Eayrs and Peggy Stewart were baptized (See excerpts, pages 79-82). Eayrs pleaded with their godfather, Jose Antonio de la Guerra y Noriega to take his 'girl' and baby into his home for their protection and safekeeping while he, George, traveled to Mexico to speak to the authorities about his losses. George never returned....


    2. [S010] Alta Cal Msn Bk #00_1770-1855_Bap, Early California Population Project, (huntington.org), http://missions.huntington.org/BaptismalData.aspx?ID=33473, 7 Nov 1813.
      BAPTISM
      San Diego Presidio
      #4069) 7 Nov 1813- MARIA DE LOS REMEDIOS, Place: Yglecia del Real Presidio de San Diego, 5 m., de Georje W. Eayrs, Origin: Boston, y de Margarita Peque, Origin: Ysla de San[duish] [Sandwich Isles AKA Tahiti/Otaheite-JSR 2016].
      Padrinos: Maria Antonia Carrillo y Jose Antonio de la Guerra y Noriega. de Sarria
      MISCELLANEOUS ATTRIBUTES:
      Ego's birth place - en la mar
      Margin Notes - Presidio
      NOTES: Padre notes that ego's father was "nabegando en su Fragata llamada Mercurio por las Costas de este Mar de California fue Apresado por Don Nicolas Noe Capitan de la Fragata [...]"
      A later section of the entry seems to indicate that the ego's father promised that upon reaching Boston he would present the ego "al consul de Espana" to receive proper Catholic instruction. --kdc
      *More info on web site

    3. [S023] Alta Cal Msn Bk #10_1776-1822_Sn Dgo Bap, Mission San Diego de Alcala or Presidio Church, (Thomas Workman Temple III).
      BAPTISM
      San Diego Presidio
      #4069) 7 Nov 1813, MARIA DE LOS REMEDIOS JOSEFA ANTONIA EAYRS, 5 months old (born at sea), of George Eayrs, natural de Boston, de la Fragata "Mercurio", apresado por Don Nicolas Noe, Capitan de la Fragata "Flora", y Margarita Peque (Peck), natural de de Sandwich (Islands)[Sandwich Isles AKA Tahiti/Otaheite-JSR 2016].
      Jose de la Guerra y Noriega y su muger as pads before Fr. Vicente Fr. de Sarria

      #4069) 7 de 9bre. 1813 - En la Iglesia del RL. Presidio de S.D. de la N. Califa- Bautize solemnemente yo el infrascripto Comisario
      Prefecto de las Misiones, qe. son de cargo del Colegio de Propaganda fide de San Ferndo. de Mexo.
      una nina como de Cinco meses de edad nacida en la mar, hija de Gorje W. Eayrs de Nacion Anglo Americano y de Religion Protestante, quien
      nabegando en su Fragata llamada Mercurio por las Costas de este Mar de California fue apresado por Don Nicolas Noe,
      Captn. de la Fragata Flora, y de Margarita Peque, natural de la Isla de San Duich, que se dice ser Muger del mismo Georje. Este hai rendome suplicado rendidamte. con muchas instancias
      administrase en el Rito Catolico el Sacramento del Bautismo la dha. su Criatura, en virtud de las Serias y repitidae promesas qe. hiso de que llegando su tierra el Bozton, la presentaria alli al
      Consul de Espana pa. pr. su medio dirijirse Sacerdotas Catolicos de quienes su tiempo reciorisse la competente instruccion en los principios de la misma Santa Religion Catolica. crei podia acceder la dha. su peticion:
      pusele por nombre MARIA DE LOS REMEDIOS JOSEFA ANTONIA [EAYRS].
      fueron sus padrinos Don Jose Antonio de la Guerra y Noriega,
      Teniente de la Compa. de Caballeria del Preso. de Santa Barbara, natl. de las Montanas de Santander en Espana, y su legitima muger Dna. Maria Antonia Carrillo, natl. del Pueblo de los Angeles -
      se esta nueba Califa. quienes adverti los Obligaciones qe. contrajeron. y pa. qe. conste lo firme en esta Mn. de San Diego en dho. dia, mes, y ano. Fr Vicente Francisco de Sarria. (r)

    4. [S207] BK-Negotiating Conquest: Gender & Power in CA 1770s-1780s, Miroslava Chavez-Garcia, (University of Arizona Press, Sep 15, 2006), pages 42-43.
      BIOGRAPHY - CHAPTER 2 [RELATIONSHIP WITH JAMES "SANTIAGO" BURKE & SUBSEQUENT BANISHMENT FROM THE TERRITORY]
      Notwithstanding the infrequent lapses in enforcing social and cultural norms, the religious and civil authorities also kept watch over indigenas who in any way threatened the honor of households. One native woman who faced harsh consequences - banishment - for threatening a gente-de-razon marriage and family was Maria Pequi.

      In 1840, Duran wrote to the prefect complaining about the notorious public scandal caused in [the] community by ... Maria Pequi.

      Pequi's crime, Duran informed the prefect, was cohabiting with the Irishman Santiago Bore (James Burke), who was separated from his wife, Josefa Boronda, that worthy but unhappy woman.

      Bishop Garcia, frustrated by Pequi and Burke's continuing relationship, asked for Prefect Arguello's assistance, Pequi has had the extreme and unheard of impudence of following and enticing Don Santiago, [whether] through the streets, into houses, on corners, and [she has] even gone into his home in plain sight of his legal wife, Duran charged. Were it not for [Pequi's] evil provocation, it is ... believed that the husband would have desisted from such an immortal life.

      Rather than lay any blame on Burke for the extramarital relationship, the bishop condemned Pequi for dishonoring Burke and Boronda's family, which is yet another indication of the sexual double standard that existed not only in the Los Angeles community but also throughout Alta California. Her ethnicity as an indigenous woman also reinforced the believe that Pequie had tempted Burke, for members of the community tended to condemn indigenous people of both sexes as initiators of corporal and sexual "excesses."

      To end the persistent scandal, preserve public morals, and achieve the peaceful reunification of the honorable [Burke and Boronda's family, Duran persuaded the governor, who had ultimate say in matters involving indigenous peoples, to banish Pequi from the territory. Burke received no punishment other than a warning that he would be severely punished if caught having the slightest personal communication with Pequi.

      In this case, Burke's status as a married man and member of the tente de razon excused him from his responsibility in the liaison, while Pequi, an indigenous woman with little or no social standing, suffered the full consequences of their relations.

    5. [S229] CENSUS JUN 1834 - Alta California Santa Barbara, Bancroft - May 1859, (Sta. Pap. Missions Vol.5-p.506), page 15/20 [Vol.5-p.506], 1 Jun 1834.